For some, the word "allergies" can be something as simple as a minor itch in the ears during spring and summer months. For others, the word means something much more significant. Allergies can be serve, and even deadly, to certain individuals, and having a grasp of the different types of allergy treatments available can help reduce symptoms and prevent severe consequences.
Antihistamines are one of the more common options when it comes to allergy treatment. A histamine is a chemical compound in the body which is released by cells during an allergic reaction, triggering negative side effects. Antihistamines are usually taken orally, and inhibit these compounds from being released. Many popular antihistamines can be purchased without a prescription, although in more severe cases of allergies, your physician may prescribe a stronger dose.
Another popular option in the world of allergy treatments, allergy shots are known for their high success rates in treating allergies. They work by injecting a small amount of the allergen into your body, allowing your immune system to become used to the allergen without causing a severe reaction. Over time, these shots will help your body build up immunity, reducing your symptoms, sometimes significantly.
Epinephrine autoinjectors, commonly referred to as an "epi pen", are used for extreme cases of allergies. To those with life threatening allergies, it can be absolutely crucial to carry one of these injectors at all times. If an individual with a severe allergy is exposed to a corresponding allergen, he or she may enter a state of anaphylaxis. This is an extremely critical matter that must be treated with urgency. Once the autoinjector is inserted into the largest, side part of the thigh, the epinephrine works to reverse the anaphylaxis. It is imperative that these are used only when necessary, as misuse can be fatal.
While the word "steroids" may bring on some negative connotations, they can be very useful in treating allergies. These medications work by reducing inflammation, which can reduce some of the more minor, yet potentially infuriating, symptoms of allergies, including a stuffy nose, itchy or sore throat, itchy ears, etc.
Inhalers and Nebulizers
Inhalers and nebulizers are two different, yet similar, devices used to treat asthma. Asthma is a chronic lower respiratory disease, and it shares many triggers with traditional allergies. They release medication, typically Albuterol, which opens up the airway and helps you to breathe easier. These devices can be essential, as asthma attacks can prove fatal if not treated. Talk to your local asthma experts, such as Asthma and Allergy Clinic, for more information.